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Lord of the Flies: Critical Essays | Major Themes | CliffsNotes
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What is the overall theme of power in Lord of the Flies? What huge
Quaid E Azam- an Architect of Pakistan. Submitted to: Sir Superman Submitted by: James Bond Degree ‘34’ Syndicate ‘CIA’ Date: 21-03-2013 CONTENTS Chapter 1 * Background * Quaid’s early life * Education Chapter 2 * Politics * Membership of Congress * Hindu-Muslim Unity * Devotion to Muslim League * Leadership of Muslims Chapter 3 * Thought of Separate Homeland * Pakistan Resolution * Gandhi-Quaid meetings * Views about Quaid Chapter 4 * Defending Policy of Quaid Chapter 5 * Formation of theme, Federal Cabinet * Constitutional Problems * Establishment of Capital * Provincial Government Establishment of Administrative Headquarters * Foreign Affairs * Education Policy CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY REFERENCES 1) Syed Shamsul Hassan ed. , Correspondence of Quaid-i-Azam M. A. Jinnahand other papers, Shamsul Hassan collection, Organizational Matters, Vol. Total Management. I (1936-1947) 2) Akbar S. Ahmed, Jinnah, Pakistan and lord of the theme of power essay Islamic Identity, (Karachi: Oxford University press, 1997) 3) Prof. Khurshid Ahmed, Islamic Ideology (Karachi: Karachi university,2002). 4) Quaid’s speech at university stadium Lahore, 30 october 1947 5) Syed Hussain Imam “Sterling qualities of Quaid”. ) Ahmad Khan Yusufi, Speeches, statements and messages of Quaid-e-Azam.
7) Rajmohan Gandhi, Eight Lives: A Study of the research proposal Hindu-Muslim Encounter (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1986) 8) Wikipedia the lord of the flies of power free Encyclopedia. Research. 9) www. national heritage . government. pk 10) “Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah”. Government of Pakistan Website. 11) “Quaid-e-As is Mohammad Ali Jinnah”. Of Power Essay. The Jinnah Society. 12) “Jinnah: South Asia’s greatest ever leader”. A Good. 13) BBC’s Poll for South Asia’s greatest ever leader. 14) “The Father of Pakistan”.
The Most Influential Asians of the Century by TIME. Of The Flies Theme Of Power. 15) “Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876–1948)”. Story of Pakistan. 16) “Jinnah’s speech to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan”. Case Study Total Management. 11 August 1947. 17) “Jinnah’s Thought at flies of power, a Glance”. Yes Pakistan. com. 18) “Mohammed Ali Jinnah (1876–1948)”. Harappa. com. 19) “Pictures of Quaid (Album)”.
Urdu Point. 20) “South Asia’s Clarence Darrow”. Chow. 21) “I Remember Jinnah”. Daily Dawn (newspaper). 22) “1947 – August”. Process. Chronicles Of Pakistan ACKNOWLEDGE This research paper is dedicated to of power, all those martyres who worked the argumentative essay components reation of a separate home land for Muslims.
They helped Quaid-e-As am in this great mission and gave sacrifices for our independence . They face many problems and hardships for of the, the independence of Muslims in the subcontinent. I would like to thank James Bond for assigning this topic to me. It was truly an reflection, enlightening experience for of power essay, me to do research on this topic. I would also like to motorola quality management, thank my respected teacher Iron Man for guiding me and providing me with more than enough knowledge on this topic. The research was mainly done using the help of computers and internet therefore the bibliography section may look a little empty at of the flies of power essay, first. But once one gets to visit these internet sites he is marveled by the amount of data provided on the respective topic. So hats off to all those people who are spending their precious time to run these enlightening websites.
Without these the worth of components, internet would be much less in the context of knowledge. The main objective of this research paper is to highlights the lord flies theme efforts of the motorola study quality Quaid-e-As am Muhammad Ali Jinnah in the creation of Pakistan. This modern disease has even spread to those who live in the West but have Pakistani roots. Lord Of The Theme. It is however interesting that all these critical people studied in Pakistani schools, travelled on Pakistani passports and process have families in that country. Painting a realistic image of Pakistan in our young people’s minds is the only way they can hope to have a sense of belonging to the country and the elderly generation has a duty to provide a great deal in helping such parents and families living abroad whose roots are still fastened firmly with this land. Coming back to he topic, it is very difficult to add something new or something that is not known about him.
Yet the paradox is that the lord of the theme younger generation has to research proposal, be reminded of his contribution to flies, the history of Muslims of the Subcontinent What I want to share with you about Quaid, is argumentative, not only the information from history books, magazines and films, but also what was told to of the, me by my father and those who saw the Quaid, worked for total quality management, the cause of Pakistan and saw the creation of Pakistan. Lord Flies Essay. Pakistan’s story is process, so much linked with the life of the Quaid –e-As am that one cannot be told without the other. So who was this great man, who with the help of his type writer and an adoring sister created the largest country for Muslims in the world in a span of few years. Of Power Essay. In his biography of case study total quality management, titled “Jinnah of Pakistan”, the American historian, Stanley Wilbert, makes the following observation that so accurately describes the of the theme of power essay legacy of Quaid and his footprint on history: “Few individuals significantly alter the course of history. Fewer still modify the map of the world. Hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation-state. Muhammad Ali Jinnah did all three. During his lifetime, he brought the argumentative essay components wisdom to walk in the path of honor, the courage to follow his convictions, and an abiding compassion for others. He enriched us all by of the flies essay the nobility of his spirit. ————————————————- ————————————————- CHAP # 1 Quaid’s Early life Background According to Sarojini Naidu, a famous Congress politician, close friend and follower of Gandhi but also author of Quaid’s first biography, Quaid’s ancestors were Hindu Rajput who converted to Islam. Jinnah’s family belonged to the Ismailia Kahoka branch of Shi’a Islam. Early Education He studied at several schools at the Sind Madras a-tool-Islam in Karachi; briefly at research proposal, the Goal Das Ten Primary School in Bombay; and finally at the Christian Missionary Society High School in lord theme essay Karachi, where, at age sixteen, he passed the a good matriculation examination other University of Bombay.
Higher Education in England In 1892, at the age of only 16, he sailed to England to study and in lord flies theme of power essay 3 years, at age 19, he became the youngest Indian to be called to the bar in England. During his student years in England, Jinnah came under the influence of 19th-century British liberalism, and his education included exposure to the idea of the democratic nation and progressive politics. But later as an Indian intellectual and argumentative political authority, Jinnah would find his commitment to the Western ideal of the nation-state and the reality of Indian society of many religions, cultures and ethnic groups difficult to essay, reconcile during his later political career. In 1896 he returned to India and settled in Bombay. He built a House in Malabar Hill, later known as Jinnah House. He. Like most of the Congress at the time, Jinnah did not favor outright independence, considering British influences on education, law, culture and industry as beneficial to India. Quaid had initially avoided joining the All India Muslim League, founded in motorola study total 1906 because he regarded it as too religiously oriented. However he decided to provide leadership to the Muslim minority. Hindu-Muslim Unity ; Joining Muslim League His efforts to lord of the essay, work for all Indians was so much respected that he was called; Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity.
Eventually, he joined the Muslim League in 1913 and experiment became the President at the 1916 session in Luck now. Jinnah was the architect of the 1916 Luck now Pact between the Congress and the League, bringing them together on most issues regarding self-government and theme presenting a united front to the British. Jinnah broke with the Congress in 1920 when the argumentative essay Congress leader, Mohandas Gandhi, launched a law violating Non-Cooperation Movement against of the flies of power the British, which a temperamentally law abiding barrister Jinnah disapproved of. Group Process. One Western journalist asked Quaid, why he never went to jail while all Congress leaders like Gandhi, Nehru, Patel and Baldev Singh have been in many times in prison. Quaid replies: “I am a parliamentarian. Prison is for criminals”. In 1924 Quaid, officially reorganized the Muslim League and lord of the flies essay Devoted the next seven years attempting to bring about stanford application essays Unity among various ranks of Muslims and to develop Rational formula to effect a Hindu Muslim settlement, Which he considered the pre-condition for Indian freedom. This task was very difficult and was frustrated in the start. Balder Singh “He once remarked that every time, I put my hand in the pocket, I find forged coins, refereeing to disunity and internal fight among Muslim leaders”. Even if he was working tirelessly to lord flies theme of power essay, unite Muslims in Hindustan, he attended several unity conferences between Congress and Muslim league. He wrote the “Delhi Muslim Proposals in research 1927”, pleaded for the incorporation of the lord of the of power essay basic Muslim demands in the Nehru report, and formulated the “Fourteen Points” Furthermore, in 1927, Quaid entered negotiations with Muslim and process reflection essay Hindu leaders on the issue of a future constitution, during the struggle against the all-British Simon Commission.
The Muslim League wanted separate electorates while the of the of power Nehru Report favored joint electorates. Quaid personally opposed separate electorates, but accepted the decision of his party. He then drafted compromises and put forth demands that he thought would satisfy both. These became known as the 14 points of Mr. Up Format. Jinnah. However, they were rejected by the Congress and other political parties. The British government called 2 Round Table Conferences in London to let Hindustani leaders to work out lord of the, their differences, but talks failed. Quaid was so disillusioned by a good the breakdown of talks, that in 1931 he relocated to lord flies theme of power essay, London in order to a good research proposal, practice in of the flies of power the Privy Council Bar. Devotion to Muslim League. That was a dark time for argumentative essay components, Muslims in India. Flies. But luckily, prominent Muslim leaders like Allama Iqbal, the Aga Khan and essay of my mother Chaudhary Rah mat Ali made efforts to convince Quaid to return from London to India and take charge of a now-reunited Muslim League.
In 1934 Quaid returned and lord flies theme began to re-organize the party, being closely assisted by essay of my mother hero Liquate Ali Khan, who would act as his right-hand man. In the 1937 elections to the Central Legislative Assembly, the League emerged as a competent party, capturing a significant number of seats under the Muslim electorate, but lost in the Muslim-majority Punjab, Sind and the North-West Frontier Province. After the election success, Quaid offered an alliance with the Congress – both bodies would face the British together, but the Congress had to share power, accept separate electorates and the League as the representative of India’s Muslims. That was a proof of Quaid was willing to go a long way to have an independent united Hindustan where Hindus and Muslims would be equal partners. The latter two terms were unacceptable to the Congress, which had its own national Muslim leaders and membership and adhered to One India. Even as Quaid held talks with Congress president Rajendra Prasad, Congress leaders suspected that Quaid would use his position as a lever for exaggerated demands and obstruct government, and lord of the demanded that the League merge with the Congress. Case Management. The talks failed, and while Quaid declared the resignation of lord of the essay, all legislators from provincial and essay mother central offices in 1938 as a “Day of Deliverance” from Hindu domination, some historians assert that he remained hopeful for an agreement. But it was becoming clearer to Quaid and his associates that may be Congress was interested in theme of power such solution. Gandhi often said to Quaid; “Let the British leave. Afterward, we can figure out a solution. ” In one of his famous letters, Quaid asked Gandhi to be more precise as to how the power would be distributed. Gandhi replied; “My dear Jinnah, I cannot answer your questions because my inner light is not working”.
Quaid wrote back; ”To hell with your inner light. Why do not you admit that you have no answer to what I am asking”? ————————————————- CHAP # 3 The Idea of Pakistan By the way, a wish for a separate homeland for Muslims of Hindustan was in the air for essay components, some time. In a speech to the Muslim League in 1930, Llama Irbil raised the idea of an independent state for Muslims in “Northwest India”. Of Power. Chaudhary Rah mat Ali published a pamphlet in 1933 advocating a state called “Pakistan”. Thought of Separate Homeland Following the failure to work with the Congress, Quaid, who had embraced separate electorates and the exclusive right of the Muslim League to represent Muslims, was converted to the idea that Muslims needed a separate state to protect their rights. He came to believe that Muslims and Hindus were distinct nations, with unbridgeable differences—a view later known as “the Two Nation Theory”. Quaid declared that a united India would lead to the marginalization of Muslims, and eventually civil war between Hindus and Muslims.
This change of research, view may have occurred through his correspondence with Allama Iqbal, who was close to him. Pakistan resolution In the session in Lahore in 1940, the of power essay Pakistan resolution was adopted as the main goal of the Muslim League. The resolution was rejected outright by the Congress, and criticized by many Muslim leaders like Maulana Abu Kalama Azad, Khan Abdul Gaffer Khan, Side Abdul Al Muddy and the Jamaal-e-Islamic. On 26 July 1943, Quaid was stabbed and wounded by a member of the extremist Chasers in an attempted assassination. During the mission of British minister Stafford Cripps, Jinnah demanded parity between the number of Congress and League ministers, the League’s exclusive right to appoint Muslims and a right for Muslim-majority provinces to secede, leading to process reflection essay, the breakdown of lord of power essay, talks. When it became clear to both British and research proposal Congress party that Quaid and Muslim League would not budge from its demand, they made a common front against him. Gandhi-Quaid meetings. In 1944 Gandhi held talks fourteen times with Quaid in Bombay, about a united front— while talks failed, Gandhi’s overtures to Jinnah increased as a last ditch effort to avoid the partition of Hindustan. But League was becoming very representative of of the flies theme of power, all Muslims.
The League’s influence increased in the Punjab after the death of Unionist leader Sikandar Hayat Khan in 1942. In the 1946 elections for the Constituent Assembly of India, the Congress won most of the elected seats, while the League won a large majority of Muslim electorate seats. Interim Government portfolios were announced on 25 October 1946. Muslim Leaguers were sworn in on 26 October 1946. The League entered the interim government, but Quaid refrained from accepting office for himself. This was credited as a major victory for Quaid, as the group reflection essay League entered government having rejected both plans, and flies essay was allowed to appoint an equal number of ministers despite being the minority party. Argumentative. The coalition was unable to work, resulting in a rising feeling within the Congress that independence of Pakistan was the only way of theme of power essay, avoiding political chaos and possible civil war. Essay Of My Is A. Different views about Quaid. Some revisionist historians like H M Serve and of power Ayesha Jalap assert that Quaid never wanted partition of experiment write, India.
It was actually the outcome of the Congress leaders being unwilling to share power with the Muslim League. It is asserted that Quaid only used the Pakistan demand as a method to lord theme essay, mobilize support to obtain significant political rights for stanford essays 2011, Muslims. Whatever the case may be, looking at the poor situation of Indian Muslims today and their second class status, Pakistanis should be grateful that Quaid gave up the idea of a united India after the British departure and lord of the flies theme insisted that Muslims in Hindustan should have their own homeland. Quaid has gained the a good research admiration of major Indian nationalist politicians like Leal Krishna Advani whose comments praising Jinnah caused uproar in lord of power his own Bharatiya Janta Party Jessant Singh likewise praised Jinnah for standing up to the Indian National Congress and the British. Everyone from Mount baton, Gandhi, and Nehru down to ordinary persons, friend and foe all agreed that during his lifetime, he brought the wisdom to walk in the path of a good research, honor, the lord theme of power courage to follow his convictions, and an abiding compassion for others. He enriched us all by the nobility of his spirit. In his book “Verdict on India” (1944), Beverley Nichols, the British author and process reflection essay journalist has a chapter; Dialogue with a Giant. This is about his meeting with Quaid.
He wrote; “Mr. Jinnah is in a position of unique strategic importance. Lord Of The Flies Theme. He can sway the battle this way or that as he chooses. His 100 million Muslims will march to the left, to process, the right, to the front, to the rear at his bidding and at nobody else’s. If Gandhi goes, there is Nehru or Raj opal or Paten or a dozen others. But if Jinnah goes, who is lord of power, there? ” CHAP # 4 Jinnah’s Vision for Pakistan Defending Policy of Quaid.
In 1937, Quaid defended his ideology of equality in his speech to the All-India Muslim League in Luck now where he stated, “Settlement can only be achieved between equals. ” He also had a rebuttal to Nehru’s statement which argued that the only two parties that mattered in India were the British Raj and experiment INC. ” Jinnah stated that the Muslim League was the third and “equal partner” within Indian politics. Quaid gave a precise definition of the term ‘Pakistan’ in lord of the of power 1941 at Lahore in which he stated: “Some confusion prevails in the minds of some individuals in regard to the use of the word ‘Pakistan’. This word has become synonymous with the Lahore resolution owing to the fact that it is stanford application, a convenient and flies theme of power compendious method of group process essay, describing it. Whilst giving an interview to American press representatives in July 1942, when asked by of the flies one of the journalists whether the Muslims were a nation or not, Quaid replied: “We are a nation with our own distinctive culture and group reflection civilization, language and literature, art and architecture, names and nomenclature, sense of values and proportion, legal laws and flies essay moral codes, customs and calendar, history and stanford application traditions, aptitudes and ambitions, in short, we have our own distinctive outlook on lord flies theme of power essay, life and of life. By all cannons of international law we are a nation. ” A controversy has raged in stanford 2011 Pakistan about of the flies theme whether Jinnah wanted Pakistan to be a secular state or an stanford application essays 2011, Islamic state. His views as expressed in his policy speech on 11 August 1947 said: “I think we should keep that in front of us as our ideal and you will find that in course of time Hindus would cease to be Hindus and lord Muslims would cease to be Muslims, not in the religious sense, because that is the personal faith of a good research proposal, each individual, but in the political sense as citizens of the State”. Jinnah, 11August 1947 – presiding over the constituent assembly. Quaid wanted a secular state, but with Islamic principles. The reason is that a true Islamic state is not a theocratic state “Pakistan is not going to be a theocratic State to be ruled by lord of the flies theme essay priests with a divine mission. We have many non-Muslims – Hindus, Christians, and Parses – but they are all Pakistanis.
They will enjoy the same rights and privileges as any other citizens and will play their rightful part in the affairs of Pakistan”. Broadcast talk to the people of the a good research United States of America on Pakistan recorded February 1948 Inaugurating the lord of the flies of power assembly on 11 August 1947, Quaid spoke of an inclusive and pluralist democracy promising equal rights for all citizens regardless of religion, caste or creed. This address is a cause of much debate in Pakistan as, on its basis, many claim that Jinnah wanted a secular state while supporters of Islamic Pakistan assert that this speech is being taken out of context when compared to other speeches by him. On 11 October 1947, in an address to Civil, Naval, Military and Air Force Officers of Pakistan Government, Karachi, he said: “We should have a State in which we could live and a good proposal breathe as free men and of the flies theme of power which we could develop according to motorola case study total quality, our own lights and culture and where principles of lord theme essay, Islamic social justice could find free play”. On 21 February 1948, in an address to the officers and men of the 5th Heavy and 6thLight Regiments in Mali, Karachi, he said: “You have to stand guard over the development and stanford application essays 2011 maintenance of Islamic democracy, Islamic social justice and the equality of manhood in your own native soil. With faith, discipline and selfless devotion to of the of power essay, duty, there is nothing worthwhile that you cannot achieve”. Essay Of My. CHAP # 5 Quaid-e-As am as a Governor General On 14th August 1947, Quaid-e-As am Mohammad Ali Jinnah became the 1st Governor General. He remained Governor General for thirteen months. During this period, he solved many important national issues. Some of them are mentioned as under: Formation of Federal Cabinet As soon as the Quaid-e-As am took an immediate action and nominated members of the lord of the essay Federal Cabinet to run the argumentative components Government affairs smoothly. Liquate Ali Khan was elected as the Prime Minister.
Other members of the cabinet were also nominated. This first cabinet of Pakistan took oath on 15th August 1947. Members of the Cabinet 1. Vardar Abdul Rib Nester (Transports) 2. Raja Ghazanfer Ali Khan (Agriculture) 3. Fazal-ur-Rehman (Education) 4. I. I Chundrigar (Industry) 5. Glulam Mohammad (Finance) 6. Jogander Nath Mandala (Law) 7. Sir Afar Ulla Khan Adjani (Affair) Constitutional Problems The Act of 1935 was amended and enforced in the country as there was no constitution available of the newly born state. Thus this great achievement was done under the administrative leadership of the Quaid-e-As am. Establishment of of the flies of power essay, Capital Karachi was made Capital of Pakistan. Provincial Government Quaid-e-As an elected Chief Minister and Governor.
Here are chief ministers of provinces: Khan Iftikhar Husain Midmost – Punjab Khuwaja Nazam-ud-Dn – East Bengal Khan Abdul Qayyum – N. Group Process. W. F. Lord Flies Of Power Essay. P Mohammad AyeChurro – Sind Chief Commissioner (British) – Baluchistan Administrative Head Quarters For the administrative reformation, a committee was set up and Chaudhary Mohammad Aye was made the Secretary General. Civil Services were re-organized and Civil Services Academy was constituted. The Secretariat was established. Moreover, Head-quarters for Army, Navy and Air Force were set up. An ammunition factory was also set up. Attention to group essay, Foreign Affairs Realizing the sensitivity of foreign affairs, Quaid-e-As am paid his utmost attention to the Foreign Policy. He developed healthy relations with the neighboring and lord of the of power developed countries that were the main objective of the Foreign Policy. Membership of UNO After independence, Quaid-e-As am paid immediate attention for acquiring membership of the United Nations Organization (UNO).
On 30th September 1947, Pakistan became the member of the UNO. This all, was done under the motorola study total quality management dynamic leadership of lord flies of power essay, Quaid-e-As am. Implementation of Education Policy Education plays an important role in the development of reflection essay, a country. Lord Of Power Essay. It improves living standard of a nation and development. Education sector also needed attention at the time of independence. For this purpose, he held the first Educational Conference in group process reflection essay 1947. Flies. He wished that every citizen of Pakistan should serve his nation with honesty and national spirit. He made nation with honesty and national spirit. He made acquisition of argumentative essay, scientific and technological education compulsory for the students.
Quaid-e-As am did a lot to lord of the essay, improve education policy of the country. In the Service of Pakistan. Quaid-e-As am served his country till his death. Despite his bad health, he kept on research proposal, going through the important files. He succumbed to deadly disease of consumption.
First Cabinet of Pakistan First cabinet of lord of the flies theme of power essay, Pakistan was also elected by Quaid-e-As am. He took of motorola case study total quality, it. Liquate Ali Khan was first Prime Minister of Pakistan. CONCLUSION In the lord of power essay conclusion I would like to say that Quaid was great leader and a true Muslim and he was a real architect of Pakistan. He was great leader and he proved it by the creation of Pakistan and he is guiding star for the generation to come and he is role model for generation to come. Limitations First of all I am thankful to Allah Almighty who enabled me to make this assignment. It is wisely said that one feels no pains after he has been successful in is a hero doing a work. Lord Of The Of Power Essay. But I would like to mention some as they are asked.
I live in essay hired hostel where internet is not available. Therefore, I faced many difficulties in gathering data. Moreover, I do not have my own computer so I had to work on my roommate’s computer or on the lab computer. I had much burden of studies of lord theme essay, other subjects. So, I could not give as much concentration to this assignment. I am very firstly living in hostel therefore I have time management problems. I also do not possess very vast general knowledge. Bibliography * Syed Shamsul Hassan ed. , Correspondence of Quaid-i-Azam M. A. Jinnahand other papers, Shamsul Hassan collection, Organizational Matters, Vol. I (1936-1947) * Akbar S. Ahmed, Jinnah, Pakistan and Islamic Identity, (Karachi: Oxford University press, 1997) * Ahmad Khan Yusufi, Speeches, statements and messages of Quaid-e-Azam. Case Study Quality. * BBC’s Poll for South Asia’s greatest ever leader. * “1947 – August”. Chronicles Of Pakistan. * “I Remember Jinnah”.
Daily Dawn (newspaper). “Jinnah’s speech to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan”. 11 August 1947. * “Jinnah’s Thought at a Glance”. Yes Pakistan. com. * “Jinnah: South Asia’s greatest ever leader”. * “Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876–1948)”. Story of Pakistan. * “Mohammed Ali Jinnah (1876–1948)”. Lord Of The Theme Essay. Harappa. com. * Prof. Khurshid Ahmed, Islamic Ideology (Karachi: Karachi university,2002). * “Pictures of Quaid (Album)”.
Urdu Point. * Quaid’s speech at university stadium Lahore, 30 october 1947. * “Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah”. Government of Pakistan Website. * “Quaid-e-As is Mohammad Ali Jinnah”. The Jinnah Society. Rajmohan Gandhi, Eight Lives: A Study of the Hindu-Muslim Encounter (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1986). * Syed Hussain Imam “Sterling qualities of Quaid”. * “South Asia’s Clarence Darrow”. Chow. * “The Father of Pakistan”. The Most Influential Asians of the Century by TIME. * Wikipedia the free Encyclopedia. Group Process Reflection Essay. * www. national heritage . government. pk ————————————————- ————————————————- THE END… ————————————————- ————————————————- ————————————————-
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An Analysis of the Theme of Power in "Lord of the Flies" | Kibin
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The Symbolism of Power in William Golding s Lord of the Flies
An Introduction to the Ancient Festival of Nowruz. Some people say that it’s the 5,774 th time that Iranians across the world are celebrating the ancient Persian New Year festival, Nowruz. Of The Flies Theme Of Power Essay? However, some history experts believe that Nowruz has been enshrined and observed for a good more than 15,000 years, well before the of the flies essay official establishment of the Persian Empire. Like Christmas, Nowruz is an elaborate festival that brings millions of people together, but there are certain elements in Nowruz that make it a distinctive tradition, and one of these important elements is its historicity. Cyrus the Great, the first king of the Persian Empire, came to throne in essay, 550 BC, but for almost 2000 years before him, when In-Su-Kush-Siranna was the ruler of the Kingdom of lord of the flies theme Aratta, Nowruz had been celebrated in Greater Iran, which consisted of several provinces that currently constitute modern countries like Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Pakistan, Iraq, and parts of India and Turkey. Nowruz is considered the most important national holiday in Iran as it marks the beginning of a new solar year and the arrival of spring. According to the Persian calendar, Nowruz begins on the vernal equinox, which starts on March 20 or 21. The beauty and wonderfulness of Nowruz is that it starts on a unique moment each time and people excitedly and breathlessly wait for the announcement of what is known as the moment of the stanford application transition of the year. This moment is astronomically calculated according to the Jalali solar calendarand officially inaugurates the New Year. Unquestionably, Nowruz is one of the prominent hallmarks of the Persian culture and Iranian civilization. It represents the glory and magnificence of ancient Iran and lord theme, manifests a sense of national pride and dignity for Iranians around the world.
In his long epic poem, Shahnameh, the 10 th century Iranian poet and philosopher Ferdowsi talks in detail about the origins and group process, roots of Nowruz. He says that when the legendary, prehistoric Iranian king Jamshid Jam conquered the world and ascended the throne, he declared that day as Nowruz and the beginning of Iranian New Year. On that day, Iranians from theme of power essay across the country would come to visit Persepolis (the ancient capital of the Persian Empire) to hold festivals, receive rewards and gifts from the king, enjoy eating festive meals of dried nuts, fruits, and sweetmeat, sing happy songs, and perform plays. Nowruz is important in that it comes as winter ends, and that is why Iranians believe Nowruz is a feast of rebirth and proposal, rejuvenation that injects fresh and warm blood into the veins of the frosty and frozen nature. Iran, which is famous for its climatic diversity and unique nature, is very beautiful in lord of power, the spring, and especially during the 13 days of Nowruz festivals. Essays 2011? Fragrant flowers and lord flies of power essay, attractive plants grow in large quantities in northern, central, and southern parts of Iran, and research proposal, the weather is predominantly mild and moderate in the majority of the cities all around the country. Nowruz is celebrated from the Farvardin 1 to 13 (Farvardin is the first month of the solar calendar whose name is taken from the Zoroastrian word “Faravashis” meaning “the spirits of the dead.” Iranians believe that the spirits of their deceased beloved ones will return to the material world in the last 10 days of the lord of the flies essay year.) One of the common traditions of Nowruz that the Iranians are strongly committed to is paying visit to the elderly and meeting the other members of the case total quality family. In such meetings, Iranian families entertain each other with delicious Iranian cuisines, spring fruits, dried nuts, candies, confections, deserts, rice-cakes, pastries, and cookies. Setting the “Haft-Seen” table is also one of the customs of Nowruz that is seen as a quintessential part of the New Year celebrations. Haft means “seven” in lord flies theme essay, Persian, and “seen” stands for the sign of the 15 th letter of Persian alphabet which sounds “s”. The Haft-Seen table is named so because there are seven items on this table whose name start with the Persian letter “seen”.
Each of these seven items signifies a certain meaning. These items include “Senjed”, or silver berry, the sweet, dry fruit of the lotus tree, which denotes love and affection; “Sumaq”, or sumac, the crushed spices of berries, which symbolizes sunrise and the warmth of essay life; “Seeb”, or red apple, which stands for health and beauty; “Seer”, or garlic, which indicates good health and wellbeing; “Samanu”, a sweet paste made of wheat and sugar that represents fertility and the sweetness of life; “Sabzeh”, or sprouted wheat grass, which is a sign of renewal of life; and lord flies of power, “Sonbol”, or the purple hyacinth flower, which represents prosperity and write up format, goodwill in the New Year. However, the majority of Iranian families put more than 7 items on their “Haft-Seen” table settings. Essay? The additional things are “Sekkeh”, coins that herald wealth and affluence; “Serkeh”, vinegar that symbolizes age, patience, and the toleration of hardships; and stanford application essays, “Sangak”, a plain whole wheat sour dough flatbread that characterizes blessing and good luck. Iranians also put colored eggs and a bowl of goldfish on their traditional Haft-Seen table and of the flies of power, consider these two elements as signs of fertility, welfare, and happiness.
One of the experiment up format other elements placed on the beautiful Haft-Seen table is a mirror, a symbol of purity, reflection, and honesty. Iranians never forget to put a beautifully adorned and decorated mirror on their traditional table setting. They also put a copy of the Holy Quran on their Haft-Seen table, which they believe will guard their life in the coming year. In an elaborate and well-researched article about Nowruz published on the Iran Review website, the cultural researcher Firouzeh Mirrazavi writes, “The festival, according to some documents, was observed until the fifth of Farvardin, and then the special celebrations followed until the lord of the theme essay end of the month. Possibly, in the first five days, the stanford application essays 2011 festivities were of a public and national nature, while during the rest of the month it assumed a private and royal character.” Since Nowruz was historically celebrated in lord of the theme essay, Iran’s ceremonial capital Persepolis [Takht-e-Jamshid] in the southern city of Shiraz, every year thousands of Iranians travel to Shiraz to take part in the national celebrations of Nowruz. Even the process essay foreign tourists who travel to Iran to take part in the celebrations prefer to visit Shiraz or Isfahan during the 13 days of Nowruz. But why is Nowruz extended for of the of power 13 days? According to the ancient belief of the Iranians, 13 is an inauspicious number. On the 13 th day of Farvardin, Iranian families gather in experiment write, parks, gardens, farms, and other green places to eat cuisines containing certain local herbs and of the flies of power essay, have friendly conversations. They also throw sprouted wheat grasses into rivers believing that by leaving the “Sabzeh” in the waterways, they throw away the misfortune associated with the number 13 and the 13 th day of the year, and this way, they guarantee their New Year and prevent hardships and calamities from coming into experiment, their life. They think that the Sabzeh that is of power, pitched into the rivers will take the bad luck with itself to of my mother an unknown destination.
In Nowruz, the adults in lord of the theme of power, the family pay the younger members certain amounts of cash as a gift for the New Year. This reward is called “Eidi” and is not usually spent during the whole year but saved and kept as a token of blessing and components, wellbeing. With all of its beauties and splendor, Nowruz is now considered a global festival as it was officially recognized and of the flies of power essay, registered on the UNESCO List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in February 2010. The same year, the UN General Assembly recognized March 21 as the International Day of Nowruz, describing it as a spring festival of Persian origin which has been celebrated for mother hero thousands of years. Nowruz is a relic of past days, a remnant from the dawn of human civilization. It removes religious, cultural, lingual, and national boundaries and connects the hearts of lord of the theme of power essay millions of people who want to take part in a unique ceremony marking not only the essay mother beginning of New Year, but the end of the lord of the flies theme of power essay distressed winter and arrival of the motorola case study total management delightful spring. It’s not simply a source of honor for lord of the flies theme of power Iranians who observe and celebrate it, but an opportunity for the congregation and essay, solidarity of all the peace-loving and peace-making nations around the world. Kourosh Ziabari is an award-winning Iranian journalist and reporter. He has won three prizes in Iran's National Press Festival. In August 2015, he was named the recipient of the Senior Journalists Seminar Fellowship by lord of the, the Hawaii-based East-West Center. In June 2015, he was selected by Deutsche Welle and European Youth Press to be part of a team of 16 young reporters and journos from different countries covering the Global Media Forum 2015 in research, Bonn, Germany.
Kourosh is also the recipient of the Gabriel Garcia Marquez Fellowship in Cultural Journalism 2015 by the FNPI Foundation in Colombia. Kourosh is a staff writer and reporter at Iran Review. He is the flies theme essay Iran correspondent of Fair Observer, an international media corporation based in California. He writes for The Huffington Post, Your Middle East, Middle East Eye and International Policy Digest. Follow him on Twitter at @KZiabari.
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Power Struggle in Lord of the Flies essays
Custom Maryland the Haven essay paper. According to Kennedy, Chen and Cohen, Maryland was a colony founded in America for Catholics. Lord Of The Theme Of Power! It was the second colony in America, but rather the write up format, fourth English colony founded in 1634 by a prominent member of the English family, Lord Baltimore (36; par. 4). Flies Theme! The title “Maryland” was constituted by experiment write up format, Lord Baltimore on June 30, 1632 in honor of Henrietta Maria, the Queen of Charles I. As these scholars point out, Lord Baltimore was the title given to a Roman Catholic nobleman, Sir George Calvert. Kennedy, Chen and Cohen note that Lord Baltimore was not comfortable with the laws against lord of the flies the Roman Catholics in England (36; par. 4). He even opted to group process reflection, immigrate to Virginia. They have asserted that Lord Biltmore’s intention to go to Virginia was to enjoy the liberty of conscious, which had been limited in England at lord of the theme essay the time of King James’ I rein. But to his disappointment, they pointed out that Lord Baltimore had founded Virginians to experiment write, have the same intolerance attitude as those he had left in England.
This prompted him again to seek another asylum in the territory, the Chesapeake Bay, which was inhabited by only natives. At the Chesapeake Bay, Kennedy, Chen, and Cohen note that Lord Baltimore embarked on venturing on the site both for financial profits and flies essay, the creation of refuge for of my is a his fellow Catholics (36; par. 5). At this period of time, Roman Catholics were heavily persecuted and discriminated by Protestants in England. Even though, George Calvert was granted Maryland in 1632 and died before the charter had been prepared. His major aims were not only to make more money out of the land but also to lord flies of power essay, establish it as a haven for Catholics and a site for freedom of worship even for other Christians (Kion 1). Maryland, thus, played an stanford essays 2011, important role in the New World as being the perfect haven for New Settlers and Oppressed Catholic Christians. This was based on the fact that the setting of Maryland made it be the safest place in Europe and in the New World. Colony of Maryland. According to Mis, before the discovery of Maryland’s Chesapeake Bay, by Baltimore, the land had been already inhabited by Yaocomaco Native Americans (5; par.
1). She has pointed out that Maryland was firstly explored by an Italian, Giovanni da Verrazano, in 1524 during his journey to the Chincoteague Bay. But the first European to set foot on the land was an Englishman John Smith that in 1608 explored the lord flies theme of power, Chesapeake Bay. It is from this point that English traders began making trips to Maryland in order to trade with the Native Americans. In 1631, the author noted that the stanford application, first English settlement was established in Maryland by an Englishman William Clayborne. On November 1633, Mis pointed out of the flies theme of power, two small ships, The Ark and The Dove carrying 150 people sailed from motorola case study total quality management England to a strange land for a great adventure (4; par. 1). On the board, there was the Father Andrew White that was a Jesuit priest. Sailing through the Caribbean Sea, they passed Barbados Island and landed in the large body water of the Chesapeake Bay. However, as the author have noted they never anchored at the bay but rather sailed to St.
Cement’s island. Despite the island’s fertile soil, she has pointed out that the island was too small for the settlement. This prompted them to sail back and settle at St. Mary’s city located at the mouth of the Potomac River where Baltimore founded Maryland. According to Mis, even long before both The Ark and The Dove landed at the Chesapeake Bay, George Calvert imagined the colony along the Bay (7; par. 1). She has pointed out Calvert as being the flies theme of power, most trusted adviser of the English King, James I, that due to his loyalty gave him more than 2,300 acres of Ireland. It is from Calvert’s home that called the Manor of Baltimore, and he first got the title of Lord Baltimore. This title was passed to the heirs of total quality management his fortunes. However, four years after this mansion, Calvert converted to Catholicism.
This was a choice which the author asserted that ended his job career in lord of the theme the government. This is due to the fact that during the reign of group essay James I, England was an of the flies theme of power essay, official Protestant nation with the Church of England also known as the Anglican Church being the national religion. When the of my mother is a, Catholic Church refused King Henry VIII in divorce, he established the Church of England (Mis 7; par. 2). After withdrawing from the governmental position, Calvert began to venture on the new land especially to the north of Virginia in order not to lord flies theme, encounter Catholic and Protestant factions struggling for the power supremacy in England. Reflection Essay! Mis notes that Calvert’s attempt to settle in the island of Newfoundland, presently known as Canada, was not successful as the area was too cold for investing in theme of power essay the profitable colony (8; par. 2).
This prompted him to seek a grant from James’s successor, Charles I, to venture to the north of the Chesapeake Bay, in Maryland, which was at that time the part of the Virginian royal colony. Group Reflection! However, his agitation for the settlement in Virginia was not taken happily by some of island’s settlers that saw Calvert as he wanted to use Catholicism for stripping them off their land. But regardless of this, Calvert continued to lobby for his land grant, which the author has ascertained to be paid off in June 1632, two months after his departure. Setting of Maryland as the Haven for New Traders and Settlers. According to Mis, Charles I signed the charter in 1632 granting the holder of Baltimore the title of the colony of lord of power essay Chesapeake (9; par.
1). This was known as Maryland; the title was established in honor of the Queen Henrietta Maria of of my mother hero Charles I. However, the attempts by Lord Baltimore’s eldest son Cecilius to establish the colony as a haven for new traders were marked with ups and theme of power essay, downs. Firstly, being a Catholic made it difficult for him to secure a financial support. Secondly, the investors of Virginia Company painted his image negatively by spreading rumors about him. Nevertheless, the author has pointed out that Cecilius founded seventeen catholic men funding the voyage and enabling him to establish Maryland as a privately owned colony. There is essays 2011, a number of factors that led to the rapid growth and prosperity of Maryland as a safe place for new traders and settlers. Firstly, settlers of Maryland colony were exempted from the hostility from the Indian population. According to Kennedy, Chen and Cohen, Lord Baltimore even in his absentee wished that the of power, two hundred settlers coming by The Ark and The Dove ships founded Maryland at St.
Mary’s City in the Chesapeake Bay (36; par. 4). It could be graciously awarded with manor houses within the fertile land. When these planters arrived to Maryland in 1634, they found out group, that Cecil Calvert had appointed his brother Leonard Calvert as a governor of the province. Lord Theme Of Power Essay! This province had been purchased from Indians Yoamaco, for their settlement. Here they formed a settlement in St. Mary’s City where they lived peacefully with other American Indians. Secondly, Maryland emerged as a haven for new traders and settlers because of its fertile soil. Kennedy, Chen and Cohen note that Maryland had the rich fertile soil, which produced the marketable tobacco leaves easily within a year (36; par. 7).
But unlike Virginia, Maryland settlers did not depend on black slaves as the workers for their farms. The three authors have pointed out that in experiment write up format Virginia, during the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, slaves were denied from their fundamental rights, thereby giving their masters a virtual and complete control over lord of the flies essay, them. This was evident during the late seventeenth century where black slaves had been imported in application Maryland, thereby leading to the notorious Barbados slave code (37). But as Kennedy, Chen, and Cohen point out, the charter which was signed by King Charles I conferred on Maryland settlers more privileges as compared to other American colonies (36; par. 7). Lord Theme! A part from the charter was securing equal religious rights to immigrants and allowed Maryland the privileges to make laws without the royal revocation especially for their civil freedom. As these scholars have noted even taxes were not allowed to be imposed upon inhabitants without their approval. For instance, in 1639, a group of freemen assembled in person and a good research proposal, enacted the necessary laws, thereby leading to the establishment of Maryland’s representative government. Within these laws, rights and dignities of people were outlined. With this, Maryland was regarded as a harbor for settlers and immigrants in of the flies theme of power essay the New World.
Kion has acknowledged Calvert as it has been granted by the charter to have the a good research, lawful power of not only lord theme of power, making laws but also of stanford application essays 2011 enforcing them as long as they do not contradict with the English laws (1). However, she has noted that they were cautious especially in extending their governance role towards the colony’s commerce such as rents and lord of power essay, taxes’ collection. This ensured that their leadership style was not seen as the exploitation to ordinary people. Setting of Maryland as a Haven for British Catholics. Ross has described the colony of group reflection essay Maryland as it was founded by Lord Baltimore under the proprietorship of lord of the flies theme his eldest son, Cecil Calvert (1). She has noted that originally Maryland had the colonies of wealthy planters, tradesmen, slaves and process essay, American Indians. But being a Catholic, Lord Baltimore believed that the religious tolerance had to be realm at which the lord theme of power, colony had been established. This, therefore, did not miss out.
As Ross has pointed out, the colony of Maryland eventually became a place of safety for the Catholic settling especially in the New World. Study Quality! She has argued that unlike the colonists in Jamestown located in Virginia, Maryland’s original settlers lived peacefully with the Native American Indian tribes. Contrary to of the flies of power essay, Ross there is Kion that argues that the experiment write up format, major aims for which Calvert had been agitating to establish Maryland in the New World to be not only for making the financial profits out of it, but rather for building it as a place of harbor for British Catholics. She has pointed out that having their father’s ideas in their mind; Calvert wanted to make Maryland a refuge for the British Catholics even though they did not expect the area to flies essay, be settled by Catholics alone. Doubtfully, it was never possible for people to believe that one day Maryland would be dominated by a good research proposal, Catholics.
This was because only few but not many Catholics wished to migrate to the region. But while realizing that, this could be achieved, though with a struggle. Calvert engaged into the continuous activities with ensuring that they had succeeded in flies theme essay getting the Act of write Tolerance. Kennedy, Chen, and Cohen note that Lord Baltimore outset the unusual freedom of worship in this area (36; par. 5). To him, it was more than necessary to purchase the tolerance if possible in order to ensure that his fellow Catholics from England were free from restrictions.
The scholars have noted that during the period Catholics were severely restricted in lord of the flies essay England and, therefore, they only left with options of essays supporting the lord theme essay, framed Act of Tolerance for their freedoms of worship. As Holmes points out, the rebellion caused by an Englishman William Clayborne that had been licensed by King Charles I to explore the region and essay is a, traffic with the lord of the flies, natives broke out in 1635 (21; par. 1). Process! Clayborne threatened of exempting the Kent Island from Maryland proprietor, since his grant was much older than that of Lord Baltimore. But by lord of the theme, Lord Baltimore insisting that Clayborne should either depart from the write, island or take the oath of allegiance to lord flies theme of power, Governor Calvert, he refused both thereby using the forces of arms in maintaining his possession. This, in turn, led to his deprival of civil rights and property by Maryland legislature in application essays 2011 1638. Even though, Clayborne disappeared after his defeat, his active hostility had seriously impacted on lord of the theme essay, the Indians’ minds regarding the settlement designed by reflection, English settlers towards them. Of The Theme! Holmes notes that this dark suspiciousness alarmed the American Indians on a rapid settlement of Englishmen in their country (21).
Indians were falsified by total management, Clayborne’s testimonies. The author has pointed out that they had taken a hostile position towards settlers which eventually led to the first Civil War in the region in 1642. Lord Theme! This saw Clayborne being assisted by Captain Richard Ingle; thereby overthrowing Maryland’s government and making the governor Calvert take his refuge in Virginia (3). However, by 1646, the motorola study total quality, rebellion had been crushed by lord of the of power essay, the return of Governor Calvert. Holmes points out that the displacement of Green, a Roman Catholic and later an acting-governor of Maryland after the death of Leonard Calvert by Lord Baltimore, was the first step for the religious tolerance (22; par. 1). He has added that the commissioning of William Stone of Virginia, a Protestant, influenced on Virginian puritans to move to the bay of essay mother is a Chesapeake for exercising their liberty of consciousness.
According to him, an assembly of colony comprising of mostly Puritans, the Church of English men and some Roman Catholics, met in 1649 and adopted the Tolerance Act. This act, he has asserted, was pressured by the need to exercise a free religious opinion. According to Kennedy, Chen, and lord of power essay, Cohen, the Tolerant Act published by the British and adopted by Maryland allowed every believer of Jesus Christ and Trinity to application essays 2011, have the flies theme, freedom to exercise his or her religious opinions (38; par. 1). Additionally, the Act did not allow any man to reproach another one on the basis of total management his peculiar religious standings. Lord Flies Theme! In so doing, the persecuted Christians from England, the Roman Empire and Virginia flocked into Maryland in order to enjoy this broadened freedom. The three scholars have noted that a fundamental principle of Lord Baltimore was to support the up format, legislation involving the act of religious tolerance not to suppress people basing on their pressing faith and beliefs in Jesus Christ. They have asserted that Maryland presented an asylum for the oppressed Puritans from the South and the church men from flies of power England that not only had experienced the good reception but also enjoyed their full liberty.
Kennedy, Chen, and Cohen point out that new Maryland religious statute offered the equal opportunity to all Christians in exercising their religious opinions (36; par. 9). However, it was harsh to other people that denied the divinity of Jesus Christ. According to these authors, the Act was less liberal as it had decreed death penalty to Jews and atheists that denied the existence of Jesus Christ. This law was, therefore, seen less restricting the religious tolerance than serving the purpose for which it had been previously enacted for such as protecting other religious groups. Kennedy, Chen, and Cohen have noted that the Tolerance Act only offered a temporary cloak of 2011 protection to other Catholic minorities but more significantly sheltered the British Catholics than any other English speaking colony in the New World. But in 1651, after the triumph of King Charles I by the English parliament, Holmes points out that commissioners including Clayborne were appointed to lord essay, reduce and essay mother, govern Maryland (23). These commissioners took the possession over theme, Governor Stone’s records, thereby abolishing the authority of the proprietor over the province. But barred with the Civil War between the Catholic followers of proprietor and Protestants supporting the Parliament, Stone was removed from argumentative components office but reinstated through the approval of the Parliament.
However, when the Parliament was dissolved in 1653, Crowmell bestowed Baltimore with the full power as a proprietor over Maryland (Holmes 24). But Baltimore acted without wisdom when it displaced all the officers that had been appointed by commissioners. Lord Flies Theme! This, in essays turn, made these incensed commissioners return to Maryland compelling the governor to surrender his authority. Additionally, the of power essay, Protestants that formed the majority in the General Assembly wanted to pass laws that would see that Papists and Churchmen being not entitled to protection by the Toleration Act of 1649. He has noted that under the influence of victorious Protestants, the assembly agreed that no person professing as belonging to the Catholic religion would be protected by Maryland laws. This led to the commencement of the Civil War in 1655, which, in of my is a turn, resulted into the imprisonment of Stone for using force to resist the Protestant party. But in lord of the flies essay 1660, Holmes points out that Lord Baltimore was once more restored to his full authority with Philip Calvert being appointed as a governor (23).
His appointment led to essay components, the restoration of former liberal principles of the proprietor that wished a tolerant colony. However, on the accession of William and Mary to be the English King and Queen respectively in lord flies theme of power 1689, there was another interruption of Maryland tranquility. Application Essays 2011! According to Ross, while responding to the Puritans’ takeover in England, a group of Protestants opted to triumph over Calvert government, thereby making Maryland a royal colony (1). This was widely contributed by the false rumors that pointed out Catholics to be combining efforts with American Indians to overcome the Protestant colony. Ross has noted that the religious freedom being experienced in Maryland disappeared after the royal take off especially when King William appointed Sir Lionel Copley to be the governor of the region. Maryland then had remained the royal colony for 26 years. As Ross points out, during 26 years of the royal colony, the religious tolerance was not allowed. Sir Lionel Copley ensured that the English Church of worship was established and supported only by laws (1). However, in lord 1716, this great law on process essay, the religious expression was rectified. At this time, Benedict Leonard Calvert, became the fourth heir of Lord Baltimore.
Before then, Benedict Calvert had renounced the Catholic Church, thereby joining the Church of England in order to win the proprietorship over Maryland from King George I. Just like his father, he fostered in toleration and humanity and aimed at making Maryland a haven for the British Catholics. Flies Theme Essay! Due to essay of my mother hero, this, Maryland was restored as a privately owned colony. This lasted for 60 years until the emergence of the Revolutionary War. Ross notes that the Revolutionary War swept away every vestige of the lord of the theme, proprietary and royal government within the English-American colonies (1). Maryland, on its part, formed the Provincial Convention government in 1775 which saw the Governor Robert Eden coming back to England in stanford application 2011 1776. Essay! He gave out the emancipating freedom to the nation (1).
According to this, Maryland people formed a Constitution for themselves. The Constitution did not bind their religious expression either jurisdictionally or being property wise. In conclusion, Maryland is, thus, a haven not only for settlers and traders, but also for oppressed religious groups. It has been considered as a region of protection for the British Catholics being discriminated against Protestants in England. Maryland’s existence as a haven for the religious toleration was contributed by a visionary approach and agitation procreated by Calvert and his successive heirs.
The case of Maryland is a clear indication that it is important for essay mother leaders not to enact laws infringing the people’s freedom and rights to lord of the theme of power essay, participate in stanford application essays 2011 worship, politics, or even government duties.